Many liturgical forms remain from the earliest days of Orthodoxy.
Icons, sacred images often illuminated by candles, adorn the churches as well as the homes of most Orthodox faithful.
is one of the autocephalous Eastern Orthodox churches, in full communion with other Eastern Orthodox patriarchates.
The Primate of the ROC is the Patriarch of Moscow and all Rus'.
Orthodox belief holds that the Orthodox Church is Christianity's true, holy, and apostolic church, tracing its origin directly to the institution established by Jesus Christ. Orthodox teachings include the doctrine of the Holy Trinity and the inseparable but distinguishable union of the two natures of Jesus Christ--one divine, the other human.
Orthodox beliefs are based on the Bible and on tradition as defined by seven ecumenical councils held by church authorities between A. Among saints, Mary has a special place as the Mother of God.
The ROC branches in Belarus, Estonia, Latvia, Moldova and Ukraine since the 1990s enjoy various degrees of self-government, albeit short of the status of formal ecclesiastical autonomy.
The ROC should also not be confused with the Russian Orthodox Church Outside Russia (also known as the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad, or ROCOR), headquartered in New York, New York, U. The two Churches reconciled on May 17, 2007; the ROCOR is now a self-governing part of the Russian Orthodox Church.The church also places a heavy emphasis on monasticism.